Guest Commentary

Carl Sagan was an Early Believer in ET

by George A. Filer

Filer's Files #29 -- 2000, MUFON Skywatch Investigations George A. Filer, Director, Mutual UFO Network Eastern July 25, 2000,, Sponsored by Electronic Arts Web Site at: Warren Webmaster.

In 1962, I had a sighting of a large UFO over England, so I attempted to read books that supported my beliefs in the likelihood of extraterrestrial life. A few years later in 1966, Carl Sagan co-authored an exciting book called Intelligent Life in the Universe with Russian astronomer I. S. Shklovskii. It provides extraordinary evidence and surprising scientific arguments for extraterrestrial life. Later his statements were more pessimistic, and may have reflected his desire to be politically accepted in the scientific community. Mutual friends have assured me that he felt there was life on Mars, and the whole universe may be teaming with it. Sagan discussed the amazing evidence in Sumerian writing claiming that extraterrestrial intelligence came to Earth and provided advanced education to mankind. The following quotes from Sagan and Shklovskii are pertinent now that water and possible life have been found on Mars:

"With the numbers we have discussed, it seems possible that the Earth has been visited by various Galactic civilizations many times (possibly 10 [every 10,000 years], during geological time.) It is not out of the question that artifacts of these visits still exist--although none have been found to date--or even that some kind of base is maintained within the solar system to provide continuity for successive expeditions. Because of weathering and the possibility of detection and interference by the inhabitants of the Earth, it might have appeared preferable not to erect such a base on the Earth's surface. "

The Moon seems one reasonable alternative site for a base. Forthcoming high-resolution photographic reconnaissance of the Moon from space vehicles--particularly, of the back side--might bear these possibilities in mind. Agrest has independently made a similar conjecture, as has the Anglo-Ceylonese science writer, Arthur C. Clarke. The cosmic visitors would probably reason that by the time man had developed the technology to explore the far side of the Moon, he would also have attained a certain limited degree of advancement and might be called civilized. Contact with such a base would, of course, provide the most direct check on the possibility of fairly frequent interstellar spaceflight. The rate of technical advance of our civilization is very great. It is possible that an extraterrestrial society or federation of such societies might want to contact an emerging technical civilization as soon as possible, perhaps to head off a nuclear annihilation - one possible consequence of intensive technological development-or perhaps for other reasons. Intelligent Life in the Universe, Page 461

Editors' Note: The above scenario of contact may have occurred as predicted by these scientists. It is not a coincidence that the Soviet Union gave up Communism and became our ally to avoid nuclear war. Further it is not generally realized that the Viking Lander tests for life on Mars were very controversial and that they were based on the false assumption of no water on Mars. Perhaps extraterrestrials live under the surface of planets or moons and are not easily seen by our satellites. It will probably surprise you to learn that genetically altered tobacco is grown 200 feet underground in greenhouses in White Pine, Michigan in an abandoned copper mine. There are advantages underground, such as no pests, no disease and warm temperatures for 365 days a year. There is not even danger from nuclear weapons or meteors. Perhaps we will only see barrem landscape until we start drilling beneath the surface.


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